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2019年12月英语六级阅读理解之仔细阅读(第三套)

来源:中公考研网校 更新时间:2021年01月06日 15:42:27

英语六级长篇阅读与仔细阅读里面经常有一些长难句,干扰我们做题,影响我们判断。以下我们从201912月英语六级阅读之仔细阅读找一些代表性的句子来从语法的角度分析一下这些句子。

1. Trips that many adults would consider the adventure of a lifetime-treks in Borneo, a sports tour to Barbados-appear to have become almost routine at some state schools.

本句话主句谓语是appear to have become,主语是trips,宾语是routine,状语是at some state schools。that many adults would consider the adventure of a lifetime-treks in Borneo, a sports tour to Barbados是定语从句,修饰trips。

译文:许多成年人会考虑的旅行,如婆罗洲的徒步旅行,巴巴多斯的运动之旅,在一些公立学校似乎已成为家常便饭。

2. In this globalised age, there is a good case for international travel and some parents say they can manage the cost of a school trip abroad more easily than a family holiday.

本句话是个并列句。句子1是there be句型,翻译为有……即可。for international travel是定语修饰case。句子2是some parents say they can manage the cost of a school trip abroad more easily than a family holiday.句子2中包含了一个that引导的宾语从句。从句中can manage是谓语,主语是they,宾语是the cost。of a school trip abroad是定语,修饰the cost。more easily是状语,修饰谓语动词。than a family holiday是比较状语。

译文:在这个全球化的时代,国际旅行是一个很好的例子。一些家长表示,相比家庭度假,他们可以更容易地管控学校组织的出国旅行的费用。

3. The Department for Education’s guidance says schools can charge only for board and lodging if the trip is part of the syllabus, and that students receiving government aid are exempt from these costs.

本句话主干是The Department for Education’s guidance says(that)…and that…。Says后面引导的宾语从句省略了that,if引导的宾语从句修饰前一个schools…lodging这个句子,翻译时调整到该句前面即可。

译文:教育部的指导意见说,如果旅行是教学大纲的一部分,学校只能收取食宿费用,而接受政府资助的学生则可以免除这些费用。

4. Rising temperatures and overfishing in the pristine waters around the Antarctic could see king penguin populations pushed to the brink of extinction by the end of the century, according to a new study.

本句话主干是Rising temperatures and overfishing could see king penguin populations pushed to the brink of extinction。in the pristine waters around the Antarctic修饰Rising temperatures and overfishing。by the end of the century是时状语,修饰靠近它的谓语pushed to。according to a new study是状语,放在句首。

译文:根据一项新的研究,在南极附近的原始水域,温度上升和过度捕捞可能会导致帝企鹅数量在本世纪末濒临灭绝。

5. The report found that although some king penguins may be able to relocate to new breeding grounds closer to their retreating food source, suitable new habitats would be scarce.

本句话主干是The report found that although…,suitable new habitats would be scarce。里面包含了从句的嵌套,that宾语从句包含了although引导的让步状语从句,整体直接顺译即可。

译文:报告发现,尽管一些帝企鹅能够在离食物来源更近的地方重新安置到新的繁殖地,但合适的新栖息地也是稀缺的。

以上是英语六级相关的句子分析,希望大家多多练习,争取通过六级考试。

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