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通过历年试题解析写作和听力解题技巧

来源:中公考研网校 更新时间:2021年04月25日 20:16:20

写作解析

v 写作题目

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on why students should be encouraged to develop effective communication skills. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

v 写作提纲

第一段:引出观点——背景交代(培养有效的沟通技巧成为热点话题)+论据支撑(据调查,几乎每个参与者都认为沟通技巧非常重要)+个人观点(个人认为强化沟通技巧对学生的发展会带来巨大的影响)。

第二段:具体分析(总分结构)——分析重要的原因:其一,培养良好的沟通技巧会给学生的学业表现和未来的成功带来积极影响;其二,良好的沟通技巧可以帮助学生扩大朋友圈。

第三段:总结展望——重申“培养学生的沟通技巧是必要的”观点,对未来进行积极的展望。

【参考范文】

Recently, developing effective communication skills has come into sight as a heated topic in education, which successfully attracts great attention of both teachers, parents and students. As is shown by a survey, nearly 100% of participants think that communication skills are of great importance. And I also hold the view that enhancing this kind of skills will exert huge effects on students’ development.

In theory, many factors may account for my consideration, but the following two are crucial. To begin with, good communication skills will bring a positive impact on students’ learning and future success. For example, it can help students better to communicate with teachers and classmates, which will enable them to acquire more and more knowledge and improve themselves. In the long term, having a good communication skills can suit students to better blend with the new work environment and gain success in the job field. In addition, the ability of effective communication provides students with a fabulous chance to expand their circles of friends, which will be conducive to both their study and life.

Based on the above discussion, it is advisable for students to improve their communication skills. Only in this way, can they have a more bright future.

l 听力解析

v 听力原文

W: This is unbelievable. [1] Unlike any video game I've ever played before, it's so boring, yet so relaxing at the same time. How did you hear about this driving simulator?

M: My brother introduced it to me last year. [2] I was surprised to find how educational and realistic it was. It’s called Euro Truck Simulator, but they have other versions as well for America and so on. I was really drawn to the scenery. The routes go through parts of the country you don't normally see as a tourist.

W:Yeah, I can see that. It seems so simple, just transporting cargo from point A to point B, driving

from one city to another. [3] But I really appreciate all the details that go into the game. It's even given me a new appreciation for the logistics industry and traffic on the road.

M: I completely agree. My brother also introduced me to some videos of someone that streams their game online. It was fascinating to watch, really. This guy drove very carefully,obeyed all the road signs and traffic rules-such a contrast to most violent games.

W: Honestly, playing has inspired me to look into the industry more. I've read articles about how self-driving trucks may soon be available and could greatly impact cargo logistics. Considering all that goes into driving these larger vehicles, it's amazing that we could soon have that kind of

technology.

M: Ha. I've got one step further. I registered to take a safe driving course to improve my real-life

driving skills. In a way, I feel like I have a head start compared to other students in the class.

Playing this video game has given me some maneuvering practices already.

W: I'm not sure how accurate the video game is compared to real-life situations. [4] But if it results in more drivers looking both ways before entering an intersection, I'd say that's a positive outcome.

Questions 1 to 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.

Q1: What are the speakers mainly talking about?

Q2: What does the man say about the driving simulator?

Q3: What does the woman say she really appreciates?

Q4: What outcome does the woman expect from the driving simulator?

【解析】

1. B)项意为:电子游戏。首题关注对话开头,说话的女士开篇第二句话就直接点明了对话的主题。B)项原词复现。

2. A)项意为:他发现它具有指导意义和真实性。第2段第二句educational和A)项instructive同义替换,realistic原词复现。

3. C)项意为:模拟驾驶的细节。第3段第三句the game和C)项driving simulator同义替换,details原词复现。

4. B)项意为:更多人安全驾驶。最后一段末句, but逻辑词处命题, more drivers looking both ways before entering an intersection 与B)项句意一致,是句型的替换。

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