Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on the importance of competition and cooperation in the workplace. You can cite examples to illustrate your views. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
In recent years, the relationship between competition and cooperation in the workplace has come into sight as a heated topic, which catches the eyes of the masses. As is known to all, competition and cooperation are not in opposition to each other. And I hold the view that positive competition and team spirit are indispensable to the success of a company.
In theory, many factors may account for my consideration, but the following two are essential. In the first place, positive competition will motivate employees to improve their working competence. And they will come up with much more innovative ideas, thus making the company get better development. In the second place, good cooperation will help the company make best results effectively, because the colleagues in a team will feel the sense of belonging and try their best to do a good job.
According to all the analysis above, it is advisable for the company to encourage positive competition and good cooperation in the workplace. Only in this way can the company embrace a bright future.
1. 两者不是对立的：be not in opposition to each other
2. ……是必不可少的：be indispensable to...
3. 工作能力：working competence
4. 归属感：the sense of belonging
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on why students should be encouraged to develop interest. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
In recent days, interest has come into sight as a heated topic, which attracts attention of the general public. As is shown by a saying, interest is the best teacher. And I hold the view that we should give priority to developing students’ interest.
In theory, many factors may account for my consideration, but the following two are critical. Firstly, interest is an prerequisite of the productive study. If one student is rather interested in what he is learning, he will be curious about studying more about this subject and make great academic performance. Moreover, developing interest in various fields can enrich one’s life. After class, students can take kinds of extracurricular activities and make good friends of similar interest, which will be a great experience in college life.
According to all the analysis above, it is advisable for us to develop our interest in study or other things in life. Only in this way can we embrace a bright future.
1. 优先：give priority to...
2. ……的先决条件：be an prerequisite of...
3. 学习成绩：academic performance
四川的九寨沟是中国著名的旅游目的地之一。这里四季景色迷人，其水景有“九寨归来不看水”之说。游客在此处可以看到各具特色的湖泊，也可以欣赏气势磅礴的瀑布，所到之处无不让人赏心悦目，流连忘返。除了景色优美，九寨沟还是历史上民族融合的大走廊，其文化呈现出强大的包容性。这里的藏族同胞（the Tibetan compatriots）一方面保持着自身独特的文化传统，如繁复的建筑风格和服饰风格等；另一方面，他们和周围各民族和睦相处，彼此影响和渗透（infiltrate），形成了多元的文化格局。
Jiuzhaigou Valley in Sichuan Province is one of the famous tourist destinations in China.The scenery in four seasons here is charming, and there is a saying for its waterscape that“When coming back from Jiuzhaigou, you aren’t satisfied with water elsewhere”. Tourists can see the lakes with unique features and enjoy the majestic waterfalls. Wherever they go, people will enjoy themselves so much as to forget to leave. In addition to its beautiful scenery, Jiuzhaigou is also a great corridor for ethnic integration throughout history, and its culture shows a strong inclusiveness. On the one hand, the Tibetan compatriots here maintain their own unique cultural traditions, such as the complex architectural style and dress style. On the other hand, they live in harmony with the surrounding ethnic groups. Their cultures influence and infiltrate each other, forming a pluralistic cultural pattern.
1. 著名的旅游目的地之一：one of the famous tourist destinations
2. 各具特色的：with unique features
3. 让人赏心悦目，流连忘返：enjoy oneself so much as to forget to leave
4. 除……以外：in addition to...
5. 与……和谐相处：be in harmony with...
6. 形成了多元的文化格局：form a pluralistic cultural pattern.
Tang poetry refers to poems written in the Tang Dynasty. It is the wisdom and good works of literati in the Tang Dynasty. Tang poetry, with rich and colorful forms and styles,boasts broad themes and numerous schools. In the heyday of the Tang Dynasty, due to economic prosperity and national strength, Tang poetry reached its peak. Li Bai, the great romantic poet, and Du Fu, the great realist poet, are the most outstanding representatives of this period. Tang poetry is one of the precious cultural heritages of the Chinese nation and a pearl in the treasure house of Chinese culture. At the same time, it also has had a great impact on the cultural development of many countries in the world, and it has an important reference significance for later generations to study the Tang Dynasty’s politics, customs, culture and the like.
1. 指的是：refers to
2. 经济繁荣：economic prosperity
3. 达到顶峰：reached its peak
4. 珍贵的文化遗产：the precious cultural heritages
5. 文化宝库：the treasure house
6. 重要的参考价值：an important reference significance
7. 后人：later generations
柳树（willow）作为中国的原生树种，已有 2000 多年的栽培和种植历史。它具有多种功能，既能供人观赏，还可以绿化环境、减少污染。柳树不畏寒冬，每年都坚定从容地送走冬季，迎来春天。它象征着不屈不挠的精神，备受历代诗人青睐，因此留下了大量吟诵赞美柳的诗句。因汉语中“柳”和“留”发音相似，所以古人也常以柳赠友，以表达依依惜别之情。柳树还是济南的市树，大明湖畔荷（lotus）柳相伴而生，成为了济南一道独特的风景线。
The willow, as a native tree species in China, has been cultivated and planted for more than 2,000 years. It has a variety of functions. It is not only for people to admire, but also a way to green environment and reduce pollution. Willows are boldly against the cold winter. Every year they firmly and calmly send away winter and warmly welcome the spring. As a symbol of indomitable spirit, it has been favored by poets throughout the ages, leaving behind a large number of poems in praise of the willow. Since in Chinese the character for “willow” is pronounced the similar to the character for “stay”, ancient Chinese people often gave willows as gifts to friends to express their affection at parting. The willow is also the city tree of Jinan, accompanied with Lotus on the bank of Daming Lake, which has become a unique landscape of Jinan.
1. 各种各样的……：a variety of...
2. ……的象征：a symbol of...
3. 备受青睐：be favored by...
4. 赞美……：in praise of...
5. 一道亮丽的风景：a unique landscape
Beijing is an ancient capital with a history of more than three thousand years. It is also the city with the largest number of world cultural heritages. In Beijing, you can stroll leisurely among the historical sites, follow in the footsteps of the emperor, experience the majestic atmosphere and feel the beauty of the imperial art. In addition, Beijing is also a modern metropolis with multi-culture as its core. People from all over the world gather here to feel the latest fashion and foresee future fashionable trends. Beijing preserves its ancient hutongs and its new landmarks constantly expand. The perfect blend of traditional culture and modern fashion is the city’s charm.
1. 有……年的历史：with a history of...years
2. 世界文化遗产：world cultural heritages
3. 历史名胜：the historical sites
4. 一个现代大都市：a modern metropolis
汉服是汉族几千年来的传统服饰，它不仅包含着汉族杰出的工艺和美学，更是传统文化和民族精神的重要承载物。近年来，穿汉服上街的人越来越多，特别是在年轻人当中，更是掀起了一股“汉服热（Hanfu fever）”，甚至很多外国人也开始对汉服感兴趣。“汉服热”也带动了相关产业的发展。很多汉服爱好者通过手工制作一些古风首饰、开设网店或实体店等方式，将业余爱好发展成了事业。据粗略估算，目前全国汉服市场的消费人群已超过 200 万人，产业总规模约为 10.9 亿元。
Hanfu has been the traditional costume of the Han nationality for thousands of years. It not only shows the outstanding craft and aesthetics of the Han nationality, but also is an important carrier of traditional culture and national spirit. In recent years, an increasing number of people have hanged out wearing hanfu, especially among young people, which has sparked a “Hanfu fever”. Even many foreigners have begun to be interested in Hanfu. The craze for Hanfu has also boosted the development of related industries. Many Hanfu lovers have turned their hobby into a career by handmaking antique jewelry or opening online or physical stores. It is roughly estimated that there are more than 2 million consumers in the Chinese Hanfu market at present, and the total scale of the industry is about 1.09 billion yuan.
1. ……的重要承载物：an important carrier of...
2. 越来越多的人：an increasing number of people
3. 促进……的发展：boost the development of...
4. 据粗略估算：It is roughly estimated that...
5. 产业总规模：the total scale of the industry